TROY, Michigan — The Inflation Reduction Act, which is nearing final approval in Congress, provides a tax credit of up to $7,500 for the purchase of an electric vehicle.
In contrast, the auto industry says that most EV purchases will not be eligible for a tax credit of that size.
To qualify for the credit, an electric car must have a battery produced in North America using materials mined or recovered in North America.
John Bozzella, chief executive officer of the Alliance of Automotive Innovation, an important industry trade body, predicts that in a few years, there could be no EVs eligible for the tax credit. There are now 72 electric, hydrogen, or plug-in hybrid models on the market in the United States, and the alliance predicts that around 50 of them would not meet the requirements.
Bozzella stated in a statement that “the $7,500 credit might exist on paper,” but “no automobiles will be eligible for this purchase during the next several years.”
Manufacturing and mining in North America should be rewarded to encourage domestic production and mining, and the industry’s dependence on overseas supply lines that could be disrupted is reduced by this requirement.
China is now the world’s largest producer of lithium and other minerals used in the production of electric vehicle batteries. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is also the world’s biggest producer of cobalt, an additional component of electric vehicle batteries.
A recent Associated Press investigation discovered that green energy drive has resulted in environmental catastrophe in areas like Myanmar, even though electric vehicles are a part of a global effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
It is expected that the tax credits would take effect next year under the $740 billion economic package, which cleared the Senate this weekend and is expected to pass the House. A minimum of 40% of the metals used in the battery of an electric car must be sourced from North America for the purchaser to be eligible for the full credit. That percentage would rise to 80% by 2027.
Half of the tax credit, $3,750, is available to both the automaker and its customers if the metals requirement is not reached.
Batteries would have to be manufactured or assembled in the United States if a separate rule was put in place. Otherwise, the remaining tax credit would be forfeited. These restrictions are likewise becoming more stringent every year and will be 100% severe by the year 2029. To further limit the availability of the tax credit, only EVs built in the United States would be eligible.
Typically, automobile manufacturers do not disclose the origins of their components or the prices they charge. However, some models of Tesla’s Model Y SUV and Model 3 vehicle, the Chevrolet Bolt car and SUV, and the Ford Mustang Mach E are expected to be qualified for some of the credit. All of these vehicles are manufactured in the United States.
Only couples making less than $300,000 a year or individuals making less than $150,000 would be eligible for the tax benefit. Trucks and SUVs costing more than $80,000 or cars costing more than $55,000 will be excluded from the program.
A new $4,000 credit for used EV buyers is also available, which may be an incentive for families with lower incomes to make the switch to electric transportation.
The battery supply chain in North America is now too small to suit the needs of the business, according to the industry. It has proposed expanding the list of countries that can claim a tax credit for battery materials to include NATO members and other countries with defense relations with the United States.
China’s battery components will no longer be eligible for a tax credit under a provision of the bill that takes effect in 2024. According to the alliance, parts for the majority of vehicles are now sourced from China.
Democratic Sen. Debbie Stabenow (Michigan) blasted Sen. Joe Manchin (West Virginia), a crucial Democratic vote, for opposing any tax subsidies for electric vehicle sales.
Sen. Stabenow told reporters Monday that she and Sen. Manchin “went around and around” on the issue, and that this compromise is the result. Despite the difficulties, “We’ll do our best to make this as wonderful as possible for our automakers.”
Chuck Schumer, the Senate majority leader, and longtime holdout Democrat Joe Manchin negotiated the conditions of the pact.
Neither Manchin nor his office would comment. “Get aggressive and make sure we are extracting in North America, processing in North America and draw a line on China,” he told reporters last week. In my opinion, we should not rely on foreign supply chains to create a transportation mode. “I won’t be doing it.”
However, the measure was designed by people who don’t understand that manufacturers can’t immediately switch on a North American supply chain, even though they are working on it, Stabenow claimed. More than a dozen automakers have announced intentions to establish electric vehicle battery operations in the United States, ranging from the big three: General Motors (GM), Ford Motor Company (F), and Stellantis (STLA), to Toyota Motor Company (TM) and Hyundai Motor Company (HMC).
Vice president of the National Mining Association noted that sector leaders support the need that batteries to be acquired locally rather than from our geopolitical rivals, Katie Sweeney. Sweeney, Katie.
It directly supports high-paying jobs in the United States, she explained. protects our supply chain and makes us more competitive on the global stage.”
According to Stabenow, she is hoping that the Biden administration will be able to issue the tax credits next year while it works out the specifics of the battery-requirement regulations.
The senator stated, “We will continue to work with the automakers and the government on incorporating as much common sense into the regulations as possible.”.
The White House and the Treasury Department, which would administer the credits, were contacted for comment on Monday.
It’s good news for GM, Tesla, and Toyota, all of whom hit caps under a prior bill and are no longer able to grant tax incentives, adds Stabenow. She also mentioned that Ford is nearing an EV cap.